IDENTIFICATION OF THE CONTENT OF PHOTOCHEMICAL COMPOUNDS OF JAVA ACID LEAF ETHANOL EXTRACT (TAMARINDUS INDICA L.)

  • Pahmi Husain Mataram
  • Dwi Kartika Risfianty Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan IPA Universitas Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram
  • Khaerul Ihwan Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan IPA Universitas Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram
  • Baiq Naili Dewi Atika Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan IPA Universitas Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram
  • Irma Risvana Dewi Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan IPA Universitas Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram
  • Muhammad Shohibul Ihsan Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan IPA Universitas Nahdlatul Wathan Mataram
Keywords: photochemical compounds, ethanol extract

Abstract

Tamarind plant (Tamarindus indica L.) is one of the alternative plants that is widely used by the community in the medical and culinary fields. The utilization of tamarind leaves has been developed from generation to generation in traditional communities to urban areas until now. traditionally has medicinal properties. The content of tannin compounds, flavonoids, anthroquinone, saponins. Alkaloids contained in tamarind leaves can act as antibacterial. This study aims to identify the content of chemical compounds in tamarind leaves. The design of this study used a randomized block design. The research stages began with organoleptic testing of tamarind leaves, making extracts of young tamarind leaves and old tamarind leaves, then phytochemical screening tests (alkaloid test, flavonoid test, saponin test, tannin test, and steroid/triterpenoid test) and and continued with antibacterial activity test. The results showed that young tamarind leaves did not contain alkaloids and saponins, while old tamarind leaves contained flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, and steroids/terpenoids. The antibacterial activity of young tamarind leaves was higher than that of old tamarind leaf extract.

Keywords : Phytochemical Compounds, Ethanol, Tamarind, Randomized Block Design

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Published
2022-08-10
How to Cite
Husain, P., Risfianty, D., Ihwan, K., Atika, B. N., Dewi, I., & Ihsan, M. (2022). IDENTIFICATION OF THE CONTENT OF PHOTOCHEMICAL COMPOUNDS OF JAVA ACID LEAF ETHANOL EXTRACT (TAMARINDUS INDICA L.). JURNAL INOVASI PENDIDIKAN DAN SAINS, 3(2), 78-82. https://doi.org/10.51673/jips.v3i2.1068
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Artikel