Pengembangan Mikroskop Digital Berbasis Blended Learning untuk Meningkatkan Kecerdasan Jasmaniah Kinestetik Mahasiswa pada Praktikum Anatomi Tumbuhan
The initial conditions of learning the practice of plant anatomy at the University of Wiralodra shows that the kinesthetic physical intelligence of students has not been trained. It is proven that students do not feel trained in operating the microscope and determine the magnification of the microscope, which means that the kinesthetic physical intelligence of students has not been trained. Based on these problems, a digital microscope is needed that can train students' kinesthetic physical intelligence in practicing plant anatomy. Digital microscope technology innovation is needed as a means of supporting plant anatomy practicum. In accordance with the nature of the research is the development of a digital microscope based on blended learning, the type used in this research is Research and Development (Research and Development). The trial subjects in this study were prospective biology education teacher candidates in the 2nd semester of Biology Education study program at the University of Wiralodra consisting of 5 classes and totaling 185 students. Sampling using cluster random sample method, consisting of 2 classes, namely Bio B (experimental class) and Bio D (control class) provided that the population is homogeneous. The results of the development of a digital microscope based on blended learning used in plant anatomy practicums were declared very valid. The blended learning digital microscope that was developed can improve the kinesthetic physical intelligence of students in plant anatomy practices, in the high category. There is a significant difference in the increase in kinesthetic physical intelligence of students between classes that use a digital microscope based on blended learning and classes that use a binocular light microscope.
Al-Qahtani, Awadh A.Y., and S. E. Higgins. 2013. “Effects of Traditional, Blended and e-Learning on Students’ Achievement in Higher Education.” Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 29: 220–34.
Alegre-Martínez, Antoni et al. 2016. “Results of the Implementation of a Virtual Microscope in a Course of Histology.” In Valencia: 2nd International Conference on Higher Education Advances, 169–76.
Baragash, Reem Sualiman, and Hosam Al-Samarraie. 2018. “Blended Learning: Investigating the Influence of Engagement in Multiple Learning Delivery Modes on Students’ Performance.” Telematics and Informatics 18(8).
Barbeau, Michele L., Marjorie Johnson, Candace Gibson, and Kem A. Rogers. 2013. “The Development and Assessment of an Online Microscopic Anatomy Laboratory Course.” Anatomical Sciences Education 6: 246–256.
Barber, P. R. et al. 2013. “The Gray Institute ‘open’ High-Content, Fluorescence Lifetime Microscopes.” Journal of Microscopy 251(2): 154–67.
Borg & Gell. 1983. Educational Research: An Introduction, Fifth Edition. New York: Longman.
Bouker, James, and Anthony Scarlatos. 2013. “Investigating the Impact on Fluid Intelligence by Playing N-Back Games with a Kinesthetic Modality.” In 2013 10th International Conference and Expo on Emerging Technologies for a Smarter World, CEWIT 2013,.
Brown, Peter J., Debra Fews, and Nick J. Bell. 2016. “Teaching Veterinary Histopathology: A Comparison of Microscopy and Digital Slides.” Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 43(1): 13–20.
Emily. 2020. “9 Best Digital Microscopes for Classroom Use to See Those Wiggly Creatures.” My tech class room. https://mytechclassroom.com/best-digital-microscopes/#3 (January 20, 2020).
Gatumu, Margaret K. et al. 2014. “Evaluation of Usage of Virtual Microscopy for the Study of Histology in the Medical, Dental, and Veterinary Undergraduate Programs of a UK University.” Anatomical Sciences Education 7: 389–398.
Graham, Charles R. 2015. “Emerging Practice and Research in Blended Learning.” In Handbook of Distance Education, Routledge. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9780203803738.ch21.
Hamilton, Peter W., Yinhai Wang, and Stephen J. McCullough. 2012. “Virtual Microscopy and Digital Pathology in Training and Education.” APMIS.
Kassab, Salah Eldin, Ahmad Al-Shafei, Abdel-Halim Salem, and Sameer Otoom. 2015. “Relationships between the Quality of Blended Learning Experience, Self-Regulated Learning, and Academic Achievement of Medical Students: A Path Analysis.” Advances in Medical Education and Practice 6: 27–34.
Kaufmann, Anna, Michaela Mickoleit, Michael Weber, and Jan Huisken. 2012. “Multilayer Mounting Enables Long-Term Imaging of Zebrafish Development in a Light Sheet Microscope.” Development (Cambridge) 139(17): 3242–47.
Kavadella, A., K. Tsiklakis, G. Vougiouklakis, and A. Lionarakis. 2012. “Evaluation of a Blended Learning Course for Teaching Oral Radiology to Undergraduate Dental Students.” European Journal of Dental Education 6: e88–95.
Kim, Honesty et al. 2016. “LudusScope: Accessible Interactive Smartphone Microscopy for Life-Science Education.” PLoS ONE 11(10): 1–16.
Kose, Utku. 2012. “Intelligent Learning Environments Wthin Blended Learning for Ensuring Effective C Programming Course.” International Journal of Artificial Intelligence & Applications 3(1): 105–24.
Krzic, Uros et al. 2012. “Multiview Light-Sheet Microscope for Rapid in Toto Imaging.” Nature Methods 9(7): 730–33.
Lee, Lisa M.J., Haviva M. Goldman, and Michael Hortsch. 2018. “The Virtual Microscopy Database—Sharing Digital Microscope Images for Research and Education.” Anatomical Sciences Education 11: 510–12.
Mccutcheon, Karen, Maria Lohan, Marian Traynor, and Daphne Martin. 2015. “A Systematic Review Evaluating the Impact of Online or Blended Learning vs. Face-to-Face Learning of Clinical Skills in Undergraduate Nurse Education.” Journal of Advanced Nursing 71(2): 255–69.
Ngan, Olivia Miu Yung et al. 2018. “Blended Learning in Anatomy Teaching for Non-Medical Students: An Innovative Approach to the Health Professions Education.” Health Professions Education 11(1): 1–10.
Noour, Ms. Aisha Tarek, and Nick Hubbard. 2015. “Self-Determination Theory: Opportunities and Challenges for Blended e-Learning in Motivating Egyptian Learners.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 182: 513–21.
Ocak, Mehmet Akif, and Arzu Deveci Topal. 2015. “Blended Learning in Anatomy Education: A Study Investigating Medical Students’ Perceptions.” Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education 11(3): 647–83.
Sasidharakurup, Hemalatha et al. 2015. “Using Virtual Laboratories as Interactive Textbooks: Studies on Blended Learning in Biotechnology Classrooms.” EAI Endorsed Transactions on e-Learning 2(6): 1–13.
Schmidt, C. et al. 2011. “MyMiCROscope-Intelligent Virtual Microscopy in a Blended Learning Model at Ulm University.” Annals of Anatomy 193(5): 395–402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aanat.2011.04.009.
Smith, J. G., and S. Suzuki. 2015. “Embedded Blended Learning within an Algebra Classroom: A Multimedia Capture Experiment.” Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 31: 133–147.
Stewart, Chris, and John Giannini. 2016. “Inexpensive, Open Source Epifluorescence Microscopes.” Journal of Chemical Education.
Sugianto, S, A Fitriani, S Angraeni, and W Setiawan. 2020. “Corelation of Multiple Intelegence Profiles on Initial Conditions of Plant Anatomy Practicum to the Needs of a Blended Learning Digital Microscope.” Mangifera Edu 2(2): 84–93.
Tian, Yanping et al. 2014. “Virtual Microscopy System at Chinese Medical University: An Assisted Teaching Platform for Promoting Active Learning and Problem-Solving Skills.” BMC Medical Education 74(14): 1–8.
Triola, Marc M., and William J. Holloway. 2011. “Enhanced Virtual Microscopy for Collaborative Education.” BMC Medical Education 11(4): 1–7.